CURRENT STATUS OF DIABETES MELLITUS: A LIFE THREATENING DISEASE
Jatin Kumar and Veena Agrawal
Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred as diabetes is a chronic non-communicable disease that causes high blood sugar (glucose) levels. Hyperglycemia condition is due to defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Retinopathy, neuropathy and nephropathy are some of the major long term complications of diabetes. This disease is among the leading cause of death and results in increase in mortality rate. The prevalence of this disease is increasing at a very fast and alarming rate and by 2035, 592 million people will be diabetic worldwide. Majority of diabetic people live in low and middle income countries and India is at second position in diabetes prevalence. A better understanding about the causes and prevalence of this disease will be very helpful in future to lessen the burden of this life threatening disease. In the present work, focus is given on the current status of diabetes mellitus worldwide and mainly in India. Diabetes mellitus related incidences in India have also been reviewed.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus; Type 1 diabetes mellitus (TIDM); Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); Hyperglycemia